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May 24 , 2011

Beleaguered Poets and Leftist Critics

Stevens, Cummings, Frost, and Williams in the 1930s


Different as they were as poets, Wallace Stevens, E. E. Cummings, Robert Frost, and Williams Carlos Williams grappled with the highly charged literary politics of the 1930s in comparable ways. As other writers moved sharply to the Left, and as leftist critics promulgated a proletarian aesthetics, these modernist poets keenly felt the pressure of the times and politicized literary scene. All four poets saw their reputations critically challenged in these years and felt compelled to respond to the new politics, literary and national, in distinct ways, ranging from rejection to involvement. 

Beleaguered Poets and Leftist Critics closely examines the dynamics of these responses: what these four poets wrote—in letters, essays, lectures, fiction (for Williams), and most importantly, in their poems; what they believed politically and aesthetically; how critics, particularly leftist critics, reviewed their work; how these poets reacted to that criticism and to the broader milieu of leftism. Each poet’s response and its subsequent impact on his poetic output is a unique case study of the conflicting demands of art and politics in a time of great social change. 

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한국어와 일본어 2개 국어 동화: 원숭이 - サル

이 책은 2개 국어를 구사하는 아이들과 두 가지의 언어로 쓰인 글을 읽고 싶어하는 이들을 위한 책입니다. 한 두 문장으로 2개 국어가 함께 쓰였습니다. 최대한 직역하려고 했으며 또한 원어민들이 쓰는 일상용어를 사용하였습니다.바질, 로즈메리, 팬지 자매는 활기 넘치고 수다스러우며 작은 식물들입니다. 자신들이 뭔가를 알고 있다고 생각하지만, 동물에 관해서는 전혀 아는 게 없지요. 터무니없는 추측은 커져만 가고 그 때문에 문제를 일으킵니다.책속으로 -팬지 자매는 오래된 떡갈나무 밑의 초록색 화분에 살고 있었어요. 팬지 자매는 바질과 로즈메리 그리고 원숭이와 함께 화분을 썼어요.

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