Literate Americans encounter the word “conscience” yet scarcely pay any attention to its source, its proscriptions in human affairs, or its power to affect human conduct. The Conscience is a weapon for survival and a tool to correct, protect and guide the individual in the often troubled course of his or her life. These pages illustrate its applications and recognition down through human history, beginning at the Fall of Adam and Eve. Whether or not the reader shares that biblical account of human history is irrelevant. The actuality of conscience in human relations and in the historicity of world events cannot be denied. Our pioneers did not underscore the word, but every brave progress to settle America involved the conscience of moral and ethical decisions. Is the land ours? Should I risk my family’s lives to make this journey? What confi dence should I place in our caravan leader? How shall I honestly manage to survive without theft, murder or mayhem? The very reality of survival, whether against a military enemy or on wilderness excursion, calls upon the human conscience to discern the risks are or the sacrifi ce or potential loss of life in the doing. Miller has included several interesting illustrations— a poem that deals with presidential lack of discernment, a river trip that involves the choice of dangerous adventure or bank-side, and a brief drama that illustrates the confrontation of Caesar with the original Christians. The conscience is directed, usually unbeknownst to the possessor, by God’s moral law of love for one’s neighbor ie another human being made in God’s image. This law of the conscienced accounts for this great nation’s compassion toward the world . . . and condemns abortion. euthanasia and fratricide. It also controls and includes the process of justice to protect the innocent.