This new work defines national security strategy, its objectives, the problems it confronts, and the influences that constrain and facilitate its development and implementation in a post–Cold War, post–9/11 environment. The authors note that making and implementing national strategy centers on risk management and present a model for assessing strategic risks and the process for allocating limited resources to reduce them. The major threats facing the United States now come from its unique status as “the sole remaining superpower” against which no nation-state or other entity can hope to compete through conventional means. The alternative is what is now called asymmetrical or fourth generation warfare. Drew and Snow discuss all these factors in detail and bring them together by examining the continuing problems of making strategy in a changed and changing world.
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Contents * Foreword * Introduction * Notes * Section I * Framing the Problem * 1 Strategy In Perspective * Warfare in the Eighteenth Century * Foundations of Modern Warfare * Contrasts in the Cold War * Conclusions * 2 The Strategy Process - An Overview * Determining National Security Objectives * Formulating Grand National Strategy * Developing Military Strategy * Composing Operational Strategy * Formulating Battlefield Strategy (Tactics) * Influences on the Strategy Process * Conclusions * Section II * The Political Dimension * 3 Grand National Strategy * Vital National Interests * Instruments of National Power * Conclusions * Notes * 4 The Political Environment of Grand Strategy * Influences on Grand Strategy * Strategic Culture * Summary and Conclusions * Notes * 5 Grand Strategy Actors and Institutions * Executive Branch * Legislative Branch * Other Actors * Conclusions * Notes * Section III * The Military Dimension * 6 Military Strategy * Force Employment Strategy * Force Development Strategy * Force Deployment Strategy * Coordination of Military Strategy * Conclusions * Note * 7 Operational Strategy * Orchestrating Campaigns * Operational Strategy: Design Choices * The Essence of Operational Strategy * Orchestrating Theater Campaign. * Conclusions * Notes * 8 Asymmetrical Warfare Strategies * Insurgent Warfare * Counterinsurgency Concepts * New Internal War * Fourth Generation Warfare * Terrorism * Conclusions * Notes * 9 Nuclear Strategy * Dynamics of Nuclear Evolution * Basic Concepts and Relationships * Nuclear Stability * Current Strategic Issues * Proliferation of Weapons of Mass * Destruction * Missile Defenses * Conclusions * Notes * Section IV * Influences on the Process * 10 Fog, Friction, Chance, Money, Politics, and Gadgets * The Clausewitzian Trio * Strategy and the Clausewitzian Trio * Economic Influences on Strategy * Political Influences on Strategy * Impact of Technology on Strategy * Conclusions * Notes * 11 Worldviews and Doctrine * The Ground Force Worldview * The Naval Worldview * The Airman's Worldview * Worldviews and Military Doctrine * Evolving Worldviews * Conclusions * Notes * Section V * Continuing Dilemmas * 12 The Dilemmas of Conventional War * For Whom and What Do We Prepare? * Operations Tempo and the All-Volunteer Force * What Roles for Allies? * Dealing with 24-Hour News * Conclusions * Notes * 13 Asymmetrical Warfare Dilemmas * Nature of the Problem * Countering Asymmetrical Wars * Conclusions * Notes * 14 Threats, Interests, and Risks * Strategy during the Cold War * Contemporary Strategy * Conclusions * BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SUGGESTED READINGS
This book is about national security strategy: what it is, what its objectives are, what problems it seeks to solve or at least manage, and what kinds of influences constrain and create opportunities for the development and implementation of strategies. The heart of the problem with which national security strategy deals is the series of threats—normally military, but increasingly semi- or nonmilitary in character—that the country must confront and somehow overcome or contain.