Spanish painter and graphic, Francisco Goya was the most powerful and original European artist of his time. A more important turning-point in his career than any of these appointments was the mysterious and traumatic illness he experienced in 1792. After that he painted a series of small pictures of 'fantasy and invention' in order, as he said, 'to occupy an imagination mortified by the contemplation of my sufferings'. This marks the beginning of his preoccupation with the morbid, bizarre, and menacing. It was given vivid expression in the first of his great series of engravings, Los Caprichos (1799). Equally dramatic, and even more savage and macabre, are the sixty-five etchings The Disasters of War (1810-14) - nightmare scenes, depicting atrocities committed by both French and Spanish.
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836 – 1912) was a Dutch born British painter. Trained at the Royal Academy of Antwerp, Belgium, he settled in England in 1870 and spent the rest of his life there. A classical-subject painter, he became famous for his depictions of the luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire, with languorous figures set in fabulous…
In his lifetime he completed some 500 oil paintings and murals, about 300 etchings and lithographs, and many hundreds of drawings.
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