This is a professionally-formatted, free flowing ebook reproduction of unique, up-to-date guides produced by the Department of Defense that provide comprehensive information about all aspects of life in Kyrgyzstan, with a special emphasis on geography, history, the economy, society, security and military matters, religion, traditions, urban and rural life, ethnic groups, crime, the environment, government, holidays, gender issues and much more.
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CHAPTER 1: GEOGRAPHY * Geography and Topography * Tien Shan Mountains * Pamir Mountains * Fergana Valley * Bodies of Water * Lake Issyk-Kul (Ysyk Kul) * Lake Song (Song Kul) * Toktogol Reservoir * Naryn and Kara Darya Rivers * Other Rivers * Glaciers * Climate * Major Cities * Bishkek * Osh * Jalal-Abad * Karakul * Naryn * Environmental Concerns * Mining Pollution * Water * Deforestation and Overgrazing * Natural Hazards * CHAPTER 2: HISTORY * Early History of the Kyrgyz * The Great Game * Russian Rule * Rebellion * Civil War * Soviet Kyrgyzstan * Stalin and Khrushchev * The Collapse of the Soviet Union * Kyrgyzstan Independence and Political Corruption (1991-2005) * Nepotism During the Bakiyev Years (2005-2010) * Continuing Ethnic Violence * Islamic Extremism and the War on Terrorism * CHAPTER 3: ECONOMY * Agriculture * Crops * Animal Husbandry * Land Reforms * Forestry * Industry * Mining * Energy and Natural Resources * Services Sector * Banking and Finance * Monetary Policy * Fiscal Policy * Employment Issues * Standard of Living * Public-Private Sector * Privatization * Foreign Direct Investment * Trade * Imports and Exports * Outlook * CHAPTER 4: SOCIETY * Ethnic and Tribal Groups * Kyrgyz * Kyrgyz Tribal Structures * Uzbeks * Russians and Ukrainians * Uighurs, Dungans, and Tajiks * Language * Religion * Cuisine * Traditional Dress * Gender Issues * The Arts * Decorative Arts * Literature * Oral Traditions * Performing Arts * Music * Sports * Traditional Sports * Modern Sports * CHAPTER 5: SECURITY * United States-Kyrgyzstan Relations * Relations with Neighboring Countries * Afghanistan * China * Kazakhstan * Tajikistan * Uzbekistan * Police Force * Border Guard * Drug Control Agency (AKN) * Military * Army * Air Force * Foreign Forces * Issues Affecting Stability * Terrorist Organizations * Political Turmoil * Ethnic Violence * CHAPTER 1: PROFILE * Geography * The Northwest * Issyk-Kul and the Central Tien Shan * Fergana Valley * Climate * Bodies of Water * Lake Issyk-Kul (Ysyk Kul) * Lake Song (Song Kul) * Toktogol Reservoir * Naryn and Kara Darya Rivers * Major Cities * Bishkek * Osh * Jalal-Abad * Karakul * Naryn * History * Early History Through Soviet Rule * Independent Kyrgyzstan * Government * Media * The Economy * Ethnic Groups * Kyrgyz * Uzbeks * Russians * CHAPTER 2: RELIGION * Major Religions * Islam * Care and Handling of the Quran * Sufism * Shamanism/Totemism * Religion and Government * Influence of Religion on Daily Life * Religious Conventions and Gender Roles * Religious Holidays * Buildings of Worship * Behavior in Buildings of Worship * CHAPTER 3: TRADITIONS * Honors and Values * Codes of Politeness * Kyrgyz and Russian Greetings * The Use and Importance of Names * Gender Issues * Hospitality and Gift Giving * Eating Habits and Types of Food * Dress Codes * Nonreligious Celebrations * Kyrgyz National Holidays * Dos and Don'ts * CHAPTER 4: URBAN LIFE * Urbanization * Infrastructural Problems * Housing and Political Discontent * Urban Employment Issues * Health Issues * Education * Religious Education * Restaurants * Marketplace and Street Vendors * Transportation and Traffic * Cars * Public Transportation * Street Crime and Solicitations * CHAPTER 5: RURAL LIFE * Tribal Distribution * Land Distribution * Economy * Diversifying Income in Rural Areas * Transportation * Healthcare * Education * Effects of Harvests and Quranic Schools * Village Life * Border Crossings and Checkpoints * Landmines * CHAPTER 6: FAMILY LIFE * Migration's Impact.