Thanks to the advent of leading-edge technologies, there is a new cross-sectional field of surgery: robotic surgery. Due to the rapid development of robotic surgery systems such as da Vinci, there is a great need to refresh one’s knowledge every day. This book covers all surgical areas: urological surgery, digestive surgery and cardiac surgery in addition to mitral valvular disease. It also summarizes the most current topics in robotic surgery addressed by well-known experts from around the world. These specialists’ expertise provides useful insights into modern educational techniques for the latest trends in surgery—knowledge that will be valuable to students, residents, and experts who are eager to learn more about advanced medical care including da Vinci as a cross-cutting surgical device, even if it lies outside their specialty field.
The debates over what African economic integration and development actually entails continue across international economic organizations, national governments and NGOs. Despite the glare of media attention and the position this issue has on international political agendas, few comprehensive accounts exist that fully examine why this process will…
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