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When Did Indians Become Straight? explores the complex relationship between contested U.S. notions of normality and shifting forms of Native American governance and self-representation. Examining a wide range of texts (including captivity narratives, fiction, government documents, and anthropological tracts), Mark Rifkin offers a cultural and…
Billy’s letter writing saga began.
The Army fashioned an application form based on Billy’s letter and Milling suggested that all five civilian student pilots fill them in.They did.And within a month they were in the Army.
Lt. Schauffler tells of joining America’s only operational “Air Force” equipped with eight underpowered Curtiss “Jenny” JN-3, biplanes on the Mexican border.
In France he writes with humor about flying obsolete “hand-me-down” French aircraft.He tells of Squadron camaraderie, “La vie en Escadrille.”A squadron visitor wrote, “The aviator at the front regards life in a lighter vein.When it is party time their high jinks have the elements of a Wild West Show.At mealtime it is a banquet without pretty girls.”
Behind the lines he delivered the first airmail to Army Divisions scattered across France.On the battle line he describes hedge-hopping, guns blazing, across no-man’s-land and enduring the muzzle blast of friendly artillery to deliver messages.
Billy was a pioneer pilot in the development of aerial reconnaissance.His letters, often written within minutes after returning from battle, stir the imagination.As he describes attacks we find meaning in the motto, “Beware of the Hun in the Sun.”You are there.