Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS
This book describes an alternative method of realizing accurate on-chip frequency referencesin standard CMOS processes. This method exploits the thermal-diffusivity of silicon, i.e. the rate at which heat diffuses through a silicon substrate.This is the first book describing the design of such electrothermal frequency references. It includes the necessary theory, supported by practical realizations that achieve inaccuracies as low as 0.1% and thus demonstrate the feasibility of this approach.The book also includes several circuit and system-level solutions to the precision circuit design challenges encountered during the design of such frequency references.
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